Portugal is the westernmost country belonging to the European Union, it has a long coast facing the Atlantic Ocean. Because of the marine expertise of the Portuguese, in the past, Portugal had a large and important colonial empire.Due to its dissolution, Portugal now boasts only two archipelagos: Azores and Madeira, called "the ocean flower".
The coasts of Portugal have different conformations: some are straight and sandy, others are rocky cliffs. The territory is mainly characterized by plains interrupted here and there by gentle hills and low mountains. Characteristic, in the country, is the fact that it hosts different climatic features, despite not being so extended. In the north there is an Atlantic climate, mild and rainy during autumn. On the other hand, in the south the weather is Mediterranean, therefore very dry. Finally, the inner regions have a continental climate. These diverse weather conditions influence the flora and favor the growth of forests of oak, chestnut and beech, which enrich the local vegetation.