Uzbekistan is a landlocked country situated in Central Asia, former member of the Ussr. Its official language is Uzbek and the capital city is Tashkent. From a geographic and morphological point of view, to the east lies the Alaj massif, whose slopes include Fergana valley, while to the west lies the Aral Sea, the remains of an ancient sea.
The territory can be divided into two different areas; the western part is characterized by the arid steppe of Kyzylkum, where the climate is dry and continental, while the eastern part includes the river basins of Zeravšan, Amu Darya and Syr Darya, separated by the spurs of Tian Shan, Alaj and Pamir mountain ranges. In the river valleys of this area the climate is more rainy.